Memory Verse: Matthew 4:19-20
4:12-17 Jesus, The Great Light
- 4:12-13 When Jesus heard that John was cast into prison, He left Nazareth and departed for Galilee. He lived in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim. Matthew doesn’t record everything that Jesus did before He came to Galilee, but we know there was more from the other Gospel accounts. Therefore, we are told, “Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison,” so that we know where in the timeline of events that the following story took place.
Matthew 14:1-12; John 1:29-4:42; Luke 4:14-30
- 4:14-16 Jesus moved to this specific location to fulfill scripture. Isaiah (Esaias) the prophet said, “The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles; The people which sat in darkness…”—This area had suffered from an invasion by Syria (their time of darkness). But the prophet continues saying they “saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.” Even though they had suffered in the past, there was hope in their future. Matthew tells us that this hope is going to be fulfilled in Jesus. Jesus is the Great Light. Just as light causes darkness to cease, Jesus will cause the captive to be free. If today you are living in a “dark” place, there is good news for you because Jesus brings the light of change. He is here to free you from your chains of bondage.
Isaiah 9:1-2; 2 Kings 15:29
- 4:17 The light was Jesus Himself and the message that He brought. From that time, Jesus began to preach. He came with a message for mankind, saying, “Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” This is the same message John the Baptist was preaching. Repentance is the change of mind that produces a change in behavior. The reason they needed to repent was because the kingdom of heaven—God’s rule over the life of believers is at hand. Jesus was here to establish God’s kingdom in the hearts of mankind. He is preaching salvation and the victorious life. Will you listen?
4:18-22 Jesus’ Call To Full-time Discipleship
- 4:18-20 Jesus is walking by the sea of Galilee when he saw two brothers, Simon called Peter and Andrew. We know from the Gospel of John that Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist. Therefore, we know that these men have heard of Jesus. They know that He is possibly the promised Messiah. We can assume that they received John’s baptism and their hearts are ready for the Christ according to all that John the Baptist taught. These two men were also fishermen. As they were casting a net into the sea, Jesus said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.” Jesus had greater plans for their lives than they did. He called them out of their profession to “follow Him”. Every disciple of Jesus is called to follow Him wholeheartedly, but some will be called to leave their profession to serve Him full-time. Jesus’ plan for their lives is to make them “fishers of men” instead of “fishers of fish”. He is going to train them to take the message of the “kingdom of heaven” to the world. These two brothers immediately left their nets and followed Jesus. These men didn’t take the time to consider the implications of leaving their full-time occupations to follow Jesus, but they exemplified the faith needed to step out and follow the calling of God. God is calling some of you men to do the same.
- 4:21-22 Jesus went on from there and He saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee and John. They were mending their nets in a ship with their father Zebedee. Jesus called them. He probably called them in the same way that He called the two other brothers. These two brothers immediately left the ship and their father, and followed Him. Not only did these two brothers leave the family business to follow Jesus, but they left their father. Jesus didn’t ask if their parents approved of them being in full-time ministry, but as men He knew they were to make a decision of their own. Today, the calling is the same, every man must make the decision about serving Jesus. It will cost you leaving your occupation. It will cost you leaving your parents. There is a price to pay, but it is worth it. God is looking for men today to give their lives to serve Him full-time. Will you?
4:23-25 Jesus’ Full-time Ministry
- 4:23 Jesus went about all Galilee doing three things: (1) Teaching in their synagogues—these were places where the Jews congregated for worship and instruction, therefore Jesus would go there and cause them to understand the true meanings of the Old Testament Scriptures. (2) Preaching the gospel of the kingdom—Jesus would publicly proclaim the good news of the kingdom. Everything was going to change because of everything He was going to do and He was preaching this new way. It was a message for all to hear. (3) Healing all manner of sickness and disease among the people—Jesus also preformed works of compassion and mercy. He didn’t just focus on the rich and comfortable, but His message and healing power reached the lowest of the low among societies order of importance.
- 4:24 Jesus fame went throughout all Syria, therefore, the people brought all the sick people that were taken with divers diseases, torments, possessed with devils, lunatics, and those who had the palsy unto Him and He healed them. Jesus didn’t turn away those who society would deem as crazy and not worthy of the time of such a leader who is quickly becoming famous. Jesus took time to minister to these people. He performed miracles that couldn’t be denied. The sick people were immediately healed every single time. It wasn’t like today’s false teachers who claim to heal people and it doesn’t work or the person wasn’t really sick and they claimed to be healed to cheat others into believing something false. The power for Jesus to heal also wasn’t based on the faith of the people He was healing, but was based on Him, the Healer. Today’s false teachers do the opposite, blame their failures on the lack of faith of others.
- 4:25 The response to Jesus’ constant teaching, preaching and healing caused great multitudes of people from Galilee, Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judaea and from beyond Jordan to follow Jesus. Things were really happening and people were responding to Jesus. They wanted to know more about who this person was. I am sure their mind was filled with questions: Was He really performing miracles? Where did His wisdom of the Scriptures come from? What was this gospel of the kingdom He spoke of? Could this really be the Christ? They followed Jesus to find these answers and we will find them out as well.
- Why was it important for Jesus to go to Galilee?
- Who is the great light?
- What did the first two brothers have to give up to follow Jesus?
- What did the second two brothers have to give up to follow Jesus?
- What three things did Jesus do as full-time ministry?
4:1-11 Jesus Resists The Temptation Of Satan
Memory Verse: Matthew 4:4
4:1-2 Temptation: Darkness That Follows The Light
- 1:1-3:17 So far, everything we have studied about Jesus has been glorious. We studied His genealogy that pointed to Him having the right linage to fulfill the prophecies of the coming Christ. We then studied His miraculous virgin birth as He was declared the One who would save His people from their sins. Wise men brought presents to worship Him—the only one worthy of worship. The king was threatened by this young child who was born in a manger, and tried to have Him killed, but He was protected. He grew older and at the right time He found John the Baptist and received His baptism to fulfill all righteousness. Finally, the heavens opened, He received the Spirit of God and God declared, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
- 4:1 Now, the glorious story turns dim and Jesus is tempted to do wrong. We have heard that He is the Son of God, and now we will find out as Jesus is led by the Spirit up into the wilderness (a desolate place) to be tempted of the devil. God does not tempt anyone, but He allows it to happen and uses it in our lives. God does test us. The difference between the two is in the motivation: one who tempts another hopes that he will fail and do wrong. The one who tests another hopes that he will succeed and do right. For believers, we need to realize that our salvation is a glorious experience, but there will be a time after we are saved that our new reality will be tempted and tested. Just like Jesus, we have the Holy Spirit to help us. We also have the promise from God that He will not allow us to be tempted above what we are able to bear and He will make a way to escape.
James 1:2-6, 12-15; 1 Corinthians 10:13
- 4:2 Jesus fasted for forty days and forty nights. Fasting is when you choose not to eat or drink for a certain period of time so that you can focus on spiritual disciplines like praying. When He was done fasting, He was hungry and physically weak, but spiritually strong
4:3-4 The First Temptation: “Prove Your Identity”
- 4:3 The First Temptation: The Devil, who is the tempter (hoping people fail), came to Jesus and said, “If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.” The Devil might have been there when God from heaven declared Jesus as His Son, because now he is challenging Jesus’ identity. He says, “If” which introduces a condition clause and cast subtle doubt on what was already stated. The Devils point is that Jesus turning stones into bread would prove His identity as the Son of God. He also knew Jesus is physically weak and hungry, so he uses food or nourishment to tempt Him to prove His identity. The devil will use things in our life that we crave or when we are weak to cause us to doubt our identity in Christ.
- 4:4 The First Reply: Even though Jesus was physically weak and hungry He was confident in His identity as the Son of God—because of the very Word of God. Jesus answers the Devils temptation saying, “It is written” and then quoting the following scripture: “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.” Jesus didn’t need to prove who He was by doing a miracle to provide Himself bread at the Devils beckoning, but could rely on the very word of God that proceeds from God’s mouth—meaning everything from the declaration of heaven to the entirety of scripture. Thus He is rejecting the miracle as needed proof and trusting in God’s Word as proof. Physical food is important, but so is trusting God at His word.
4:5-7 The Second Temptation: “Prove Your Trust”
- 4:5-6 The Second Temptation: Next, the Devil took Jesus up into Jerusalem (the holy city), and set him on a pinnacle of the temple. He then said to Jesus, “If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.” Since Jesus quoted scripture and declared its importance, the Devil decided he would try to use scripture to tempt Jesus this time. It is like the Devil is saying, if you really live by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God, then prove it. He knew that if he was really the Son of God that the angels would take care of Him and He should test it to prove His trust in the scriptures. The devil will even use the Bible (out-of-context) to cause us to doubt our trust in God and His Word.
- 4:7 The Second Reply: Jesus knew the scripture that the Devil used was true, but that He used it out-of-context and for Jesus to needlessly throw himself of the top of the temple just to test if God would save Him was unnecessary and wrong. Jesus quoted scripture back, that counteracts the devil’s motive, which says, “Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.” We are not to tempt God and put Him to the test. It shows our lack of faith, trust and dependence on Him and His word. Jesus knew this and would not play the Devil’s games. This scripture was given to protect Jesus, not for Him to live a reckless life.
4:8-11 The Third Temptation: “Prove Your Allegiance”
- 4:8-9 The Third Temptation: Again, the devil took Jesus, this time up to a very high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them. Then the Devil tempted Jesus saying, “All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.” It’s as if the Devil concludes that Jesus isn’t going to do a miracle at his bidding, and so he ask for something more subtle, yet more costly. He wanted Jesus to pledge His allegiance to Him as God by falling down and worshiping him in exchange for an earthly kingdom. The devil will try to tempt you with fame, wealth, power, authority etc in exchange for your allegiance to God.
- 4:10-11 The Third Reply: Jesus quickly replies to the Devil, “Get thee hence, Satan.” He refers to Him as Satan (adversary, accuser), tells him to be gone and then quotes the following scripture: “Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.” Jesus knows that only true worship and service should be given to God—the Supreme Being. Satan wants to be God. He wanted Jesus to treat him like He would treat God. Jesus was unwilling to trade His allegiance in for anything. He pledged His allegiance to God. Finally, the devil left Jesus and angels came and ministered unto him.
- What happened before Jesus went to the wilderness?
- How many days did Jesus fast?
- What was the first temptation? Jesus’ response?
- What was the second temptation? Jesus’ response?
- What was the third temptation? Jesus’ response?
3:1-17 Repentance, Baptism And The Kingdom Of Heaven
Memory Verse: Matthew 3:2
3:1-6 Repent, The Kingdom Of Heaven Is Near
- 3:1-2 When Jesus was grown (around age 30) there was also a man named John. He went around preaching in the wilderness of Judaea. He called for people to repent. Repentance is a change of mind that produces a change in behavior. It is more than feeling sad for doing something wrong or getting caught doing something wrong. It is realizing the truth, agreeing with the truth and choosing to live out the truth. The reason they needed to repent was because the kingdom of heaven is at hand. This refers to God’s rule over the life of believers. It meant that Jesus was coming to establish God’s kingdom in the hearts of mankind. It foreshadows the future eternal state when all believers will live in the eternal kingdom of God. The time for this is near, the Christ, Jesus, is coming.
Luke 17:20-21; Romans 14:17
- 3:3 John’s preaching was another prophecy and fulfillment of the coming Christ. The prophet Esaias, prophesied saying, “The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.” This means: (1) The Voice—the message being proclaimed is the important part, not necessarily the messenger himself. His message is that of repenting because the rule of God is about to be made known through Jesus. (2) Preparation—in old times they would send someone to make a path for the important person to travel on, making sure the road was straight and smooth. This is exactly what John was doing spiritually. He was preparing the way for Jesus. (3) The Lord—In the Old Testament, this verse refers to Jehovah, but Matthew uses it to refer to Jesus, making Jesus equal with Jehovah.
Isaiah 40:3-5; Luke 1:16-17
- 3:4 John’s appearance and lifestyle to us may seem strange, but to those who knew the Old Testament, he seemed like a prophet (similar to the prophet Elijah). John’s clothes were made of camel’s hair. He wore a leather belt around his waist. He ate locusts and wild honey as his food. He lived simply and didn’t try to impress anyone through elaborate dress or fancy foods. He focused on the message and task at hand.
2 Kings 1:8; Malachi 4:5
- 3:5-6 John’s appearance as a prophet and the message he proclaimed caused a lot of people from Jerusalem, Judaea, and all the region round about Jordan to go out where he was. Many responded to John’s message by confessing there sins and being baptized in the river. We need to note four things: (1) John’s baptism and believers baptism are different. Believers baptism (what we do today) represents when a person has believed in the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus for salvation. John’s baptism represented repentance and a desire to life a righteous life while anticipating the coming of the Christ. (2) Baptism originated when the Jews had the Gentile proselytes baptized as a type of ritual cleansing ceremony—probably getting the idea from Old Testament laws about cleansing. John used this ceremony of baptism to show the Jews it wasn’t just the Gentiles who needed to turn to God, but even the sinful unrepentant self-righteous Jews. (3) Therefore, the initial action following repentance was baptism—an outward symbol of the inward repentance—an action of sincerity. (4) Today, the initial action of a person who repents and believes in Jesus is baptism—identifying with the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus for salvation and their desire to live for Him.
Leviticus 15:13; Acts 19:4; Romans 6:1-10; 1 Peter 3:21
3:7-12 True Repentance Will Produce Good Fruit
- 3:7-10 John noticed there were some people who weren’t getting baptized: the Pharisees and Sadducees. The Pharisees (legalist) are a religious sect who hypocritically try to follow the law, making their own rules and regulations, and who are proud of their own righteousness after the tradition of man. The Sadducees (liberals) were also a religious sect who denied supernatural things. John scolds them and we learn several things. (1) Vipers—He calls them a deadly snakes because of their message and hard hearts can only kill. (2) He warns there is wrath coming for them and all who live unrepentant lives like them. (3) He calls them to truly repent, the kind of repentance that will produce fruit. Their works were proof that they never repented. Repenting is not a work, but it will produce works. (4) It doesn’t matter who you are related to, your heritage can’t save you. Just like them claiming Abraham as their father couldn’t do anything to save them, our Christian parents or family can’t do anything to save us. (5) Judgment is coming (the axe is laid unto the root of the trees) and those who don’t produce good fruit as a result of repentance will be like a tree that is hewn down and cast into the fire.
- 3:11-12 John continues to explain the truth to the religious hypocrites and uses three types of “baptism” to explain it: (1) John baptized those who repented with water as a sign of their repentance. But there is one, the Christ, that will come after John and is mightier than John. John is not even worthy to bear His shoes. It is the Christ, and (2) He will baptize those who repent with the Holy Ghost. Today, every believer is baptized with the Holy Spirit at salvation. (Although John doesn’t mention it here, believers’ baptism is when a new believer is baptize in water as a symbol of their salvation—this shouldn’t be confused with the others.) (3) The Christ will also baptize with fire—which represent the final judgement for those who don’t repent—they will be immersed with fire. The Christ has a fan in his hand which is used to throughly purge his floor, separating the wheat (believers) from the chaff (unbelievers). He will gather his wheat into the garner but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.
3:13-17 The Only One Who Doesn’t Need To Repent
- 3:13-17 Jesus came from Galilee to be baptized by John in the Jordan River. At first, John forbade baptizing Jesus, realizing He was the Christ—thus sinless and not needing to repent. John felt Jesus should baptize him instead. Jesus responded saying let it be because it will fulfill all righteousness. Therefore, John baptized Jesus. We aren’t really sure what Jesus meant, except He was being obedient to God’s plan. Nonetheless, we can note a few things: (1) It is possible Jesus who was sinless was baptized to identify with the sinners He came to save. (2) It marks the start of Jesus ministry because he received the Spirit of God. (3) It confirmed Jesus as the Son of God, because God from heaven, said, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” (4) It testifies to the trinity—God was speaking, Jesus was being baptized, and the Holy Spirit was descending. (5) It authorized all that John said and did as a prophet. (6) It could represent Jesus mission to come, died, be buried and rise again so that He could make us righteous.
- What was John the Baptist preaching?
- What was John’s appearance and lifestyle like?
- True repentance will produce what?
- John baptized with water but Jesus will baptize with what?
- Why did Jesus get baptized?
2:1-23 The Search For The Only One Worthy Of Worship
Memory Verse: Matthew 2:11
2:1-2, 7-12 Seeking To Worship: The Wise Men
- 2:1-2 In the days when Herod was king in Bethlehem of Judaea (a small village south of Jerusalem) Jesus was born. After He was born there came wise men (not sure how many) from the East to Jerusalem. These men were believed to be a type of magician or astronomers of their time period—those who were searching for answers and curious about the world around them. As they scanned the sky looking for answer, they saw a supernatural star in the East. With their knowledge of the Old Testament scriptures, they somehow believed this star to be the star of Him whom would be the King of the Jews, and the Christ promised in the Scriptures. It was a star announcing that He was born—we don’t know much more about this star than what is recorded here in Matthew. Thus, these wise men who were looking for answers came to the city of Jerusalem searching for and asking anyone they came across where this baby could be found. They had come to worship Him, Jesus the Christ—the only one worthy of worship.
- 2:7-8 Herod called the wise men who entered his city to a secret meeting where he found out what time the star had appeared to them (he will use this information later). Then he sent the wise men to Bethlehem to search diligently for the young child. He also requested that when they did find him that they should return to tell him so that he could also go and worship the child. Two thing need to be noted: (1) Instead of referring to Jesus as a “baby,” they started to refer to him as a “young child” which would mean that some time had passed and this wasn’t immediately after Jesus was born. (2) Therefore, many “manger scenes” that we see around Christmas that include the baby Jesus, a star, wise men and shepherds all together are wrong in their timeline of events.
- 2:9-11 After the wise men heard the kings orders they departed. Then all of the sudden the star they originally saw in the East appeared again. The star actually went before them leading them to the young child they were searching for, eventually standing still over the house where Jesus was. At this point they rejoiced with exceeding great joy. Next, they entered into the house and they saw the young child Jesus with his mother. Upon seeing him, they fell down and worshipped him. Finally, they opened the treasures they brought with them and presented to Jesus gifts of: (1) Gold—the currency of a king’s treasury; (2) Frankincense—incense used to worship God in the temple; and (3) Myrrh—used to anoint a human corpse before burial. Each of these give us a glimpse into who this young child really was. It represents Jesus as King and God, but also as one who was born to die; born to save us through His sinless life and sacrificial death; born that we might have life. Are we worshipping Jesus for who He really is? What gifts are we giving him?
- 2:12 Before the wise men left, they were warned by God in a dream not to return to Herod because he had evil plans instead of plans to worship. Therefore, they departed into their own country another way and didn’t return to tell Herod the king.
2:3-4 Seeking To Be Worshiped: Herod The King
- 2:3-4 When Herod, the reigning king at the time, had heard that these wise men came searching for a baby that was born to be King of the Jews he was troubled. Even the whole city of Jerusalem was troubled with him. Apparently, the search by the wise men was very public and believable—otherwise why would a baby cause a king to fear? Herod the king decided to gather all the chief priests and scribes of the people together (these were the spiritual leaders of the Jews), so that he could find out where Christ would be born. He wanted to find the Christ, not because he wanted to worship him, but because the Christ threatened people from worshipping him. Herod wasn’t seeking to worship the One worthy of worship, but instead he thought that he himself was worthy of worship and was seeking to be worshipped. His motives were the complete opposite of the wise men. He was blinded by pride, like many of us today. Mankind was created to worship, we will worship something or someone. What or who are you worshipping?
2:5-6, 13-23 The Only One Worthy Of Worship: Jesus The Christ
- 2:5-6 The rest of the story tells of the fulfilled scriptures that all points to Jesus as the promised Christ of the scriptures—the only one truly worthy of worship. The first prophecy and fulfillment of the Christ (Micah 5:2): “And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.”
- 2:13-15 When the wise men left the house of the child Jesus the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream telling him to get up and take the young child Jesus and his mother, and flee into Egypt. They were to stay there until the angel brings him word again. The reason for the departure to Egypt was that Herod the king is going to seek the young child Jesus to destroy him. When Joseph got up he did as the angel said—staying in Egypt until the death of Herod the king. The second prophecy and fulfillment of the Christ (Hosea 11:1): “Out of Egypt have I called my son.”
- 2:16-18 Herod was an evil king. When he realized that he was mocked of the wise men—meaning they didn’t return to tell him where they found Jesus, he was extremely angry. He wanted Jesus killed. He didn’t know Jesus exact age so he calculate an age range based on the time which he had diligently inquired of the wise men (from two years old and under). Also, he knew the location of Jesus birth was in Bethlehem so he order all male children in this age range to be killed there and in all the coasts thereof. It is hard to image, but even this was foretold. The third prophecy and fulfillment of the Christ (Jeremiah 31:15): “In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not.”
- 2:19-23 Finally, time passed and Herod died. Then the angel of the Lord appeared again in a dream to Joseph who was still in Egypt. This time he told him to get up and take the young child Jesus and his mother, and go into the land of Israel because those who sought the young child’s life had died. Joseph obeyed the angel and went to Israel with his family. But he heard that Archelaus reigned in Judaea in the room of his father Herod. This caused Joseph to be afraid to go here, plus God also warned him about it in a dream, therefore he went to Galilee and lived in a city called Nazareth. The fourth prophecy and fulfillment of the Christ (Isaiah 11:1): “He shall be called a Nazarene.”
- Why were the wise men seeking Jesus?
- What were the gifts the wise men brought? What did they symbolize?
- Why was Herod the king looking for Jesus?
- What did all the prophecies being fulfilled point to?
- Who are you worshipping?
1:1-25 The Genealogy And Birth Of Jesus
Memory Verse: Matthew 1:21
1:1-17 The Genealogy Of Jesus According To Joseph
- 1:1, 16c The gospel record of Matthew opens with “the book of the generation of Jesus.” Matthew wants us to know that Jesus is a real person with a heritage that is traceable. His Jewish roots will help us identify who Jesus really is. First, Matthew says he is the Christ—the anointed One, the Messiah, the promised Saviour of the World. Second, he says Jesus is the son of David—meaning He is the promised son of David who will establish an eternal kingdom. Third, he says Jesus is the son of Abraham—meaning he would be the Blessing by which all families of the earth would be blessed. Matthew is going to reveal to us that it is Jesus alone who can fulfill the promises of God, all other human efforts (King Solomon, Israel, etc.) have failed, but God will remain faithful to His word.
Genesis 12:1-3; 2 Samuel 7:25; Acts 2:29-36
- 1:17 Matthew gives us the list of forty-two generations to show that Jesus is of true Jewish lineage. He breaks it up into three sections with each including fourteen generations. The list is not to show an unbroken line of ancestors, but to show Jesus is of the lineage of the Jews founder, Abraham, and the great king David. The list includes women, which is isn’t normal for Jewish culture, and people who committed great sins, or didn’t have a good reputation—showing that God will accomplish His will even though man has failed.
- 1:2-6 The first group—from Abraham to David: Abraham (1) begat Isaac (2) whom begat Jacob (3) whom begat Judas (4) and his brethren. Judas begat Phares (5) and Zara of Thamar. Phares begat Esrom (6) whom begat Aram (7) whom begat Aminadab (8) whom begat Naasson (9) whom begat Salmon (10) whom begat Booz (11) of Rachab whom begat Obed (12) of Ruth whom begat Jesse (13) whom begat David (14) the king.
- 1:7-11 The second group—from David until the carrying away into Babylon: David the king whom begat Solomon (15) of her that had been the wife of Urias. Solomon begat Roboam (16) whom begat Abia (17) whom begat Asa (18) whom begat Josaphat (19) whom begat Joram (20) whom begat Ozias (21) whom begat Joatham (22) whom begat Achaz (23) whom begat Ezekias (24) whom begat Manasses (25) whom begat Amon (26) whom begat Josias (27) whom begat Jechonias (28) and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon.
- 1:12-16 The third group—from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ: After they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias (29) begat Salathiel (30) whom begat Zorobabel (31) whom begat Abiud (32) whom begat Eliakim (33) whom begat Azor (34) whom begat Sadoc (35) whom begat Achim (36) whom begat Eliud (37) whom begat Eleazar (38) whom begat Matthan (39) whom begat Jacob (40) whom begat Joseph (41) the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus (42), who is called Christ.
- 1:16b Before the list concludes with Jesus, we are introduced to Jesus’ parents. But the list never says that Joseph begat Jesus like it does with the other father and son relationships. This is because Jesus’ birth was supernatural. Joseph never had sexual relations with Mary to produce the child Jesus. Instead, as we will learn in the coming verses, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. This means Jesus was not Joseph’s literal, physical offspring—but Jesus was Joseph’s legal offspring because Joseph was Jesus’ step-father, making Jesus part of this important lineage (thus fulfilling prophecy).
1:18-25 The Birth Of Jesus From Joseph’s Perspective
- 1:18 After presenting Jesus’ royal and important lineage, Matthew now turns to explain how Jesus was born. Mary, Jesus’ mother, was espoused to Joseph—which in Jewish culture was a one-year engagement only breakable by divorce. During this time they were not permitted to sexually come together, but must wait until after the official marriage ceremony had taken place. Therefore, it was during this time of the engagement and before they came together sexually that Mary was found with child of the Holy Spirit. Mary was a virgin (as noted in Luke’s Gospel)—meaning God supernaturally caused Mary to become pregnant with Jesus without the natural means of procreation between humans.
- 1:19 Joseph was a just and righteous man. He believed, worshipped and served God. Thus, when Mary told him the news of her miraculous conception he had to be shocked and confused. The news was that an angel told Mary she was going to supernatural conceive a child who would be the Son of God. Knowing he never had sex with her and not understanding how his wife could become pregnant except for the only other option he could think of which would mean she had sexual intercourse with another man, he decided to divorce her. The third, and supernatural option, of her conception was unthinkable. He loved her, but how was he to believe her? Joseph knew the punishment for adultery according to the law was death by stoning, but he didn’t want to make her a public example or put her to shame, so he decide he would just do a private divorce.
Luke 1:28-38; Deuteronomy 22:23-24
- 1:20-21 While Joseph thought about everything the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream. The angel addressed Joseph by name and as the “son of David”—emphasizing his royal lineage. He told Joseph not to fear but to take Mary as his wife. He took away all doubts about how Mary conceived the child, explaining that the baby in her womb truly was conceived of the Holy Spirit. Mary was still a virgin and had never committed adultery, this truly was a miracle. The angel then explains the baby will be male and they are to name him JESUS, which means “God Saves,” and as the angel reveals, that is exactly what He is going to do “save his people from their sins.” Jesus’ virgin birth would mean he would the first person born in human history without sin. This was required for salvation to be possible, which is Jesus’ mission in coming to earth.
- 1:22-23 Everything that was done fulfilled what was spoken of the Lord by the prophet Isaiah: (1) A virgin will be with child, (2) she will bring forth a son, and (3) they will call his name Emmanuel, which means, “God with us.” God’s word is the authority from which we know truth. He promised a Saviour would come. This birth marked His coming. His word verified how he would come. Everything points to Jesus as the Saviour of the World.
Isaiah 7:14; Philippians 2:5-11
- 1:24-25 Joseph woke up and did as the angel said. He took Mary as his wife instead of divorcing her. Also, he did not have sexual relations with her until she gave birth to the child (probably to keep anyone from doubting). Finally, Joseph named the child, “JESUS.”
- Why is knowing Jesus’ genealogy important?
- What is the difference when we are introduced to Jesus’ parents in the genealogy?
- Why was Joseph going to divorce Mary?
- Why didn’t Joseph divorce Mary?
- Why was Jesus birth a miracle and what does it point to?